41 Motion to dismiss edit On September 19, 2012, manning's attorneys filed a motion to dismiss all charges with prejudice, arguing paper that Manning had been unable to obtain a speedy trial. 42 The motion claimed that the 845 days spent in pretrial confinement was longer than the periods that the law says is unreasonable. 43 (United States military law normally requires a trial within 120 days. 44 ) Judge lind ruled against the defense motion and allowed for the delay because the prosecution needed more time to prepare its case. 45 Initial plea edit audio recording of an excerpt of Manning's statement given on February 28, 2013. On February 28, 2013, manning pleaded guilty to 10 of the 22 specified charges. Military judge colonel Denise lind accepted the guilty pleas, for which Manning could face up to 20 years in prison. Manning did not plead guilty to the most significant charge of aiding the enemy. 46 Manning acknowledged having provided archives of military and diplomatic files to wikileaks.
38 Article 39 hearing edit An Article 39 39 hearing was convened on April 24, 2012, during which the judge, colonel Denise lind, denied a defense motion to dismiss the charge of aiding the enemy, and ruled that the government must be able to show. She ordered the cia, fbi, dia, state department, and Department of Justice to release documents showing their assessment of whether the leaked material had damaged the national interest of the United States. Lind said she would decide after reading the documents whether to make them available to manning's lawyers. She also ordered forensic imaging of five computers removed from Manning's work station improve that had not yet been wiped clean. 40 At the start of the hearing, manning replaced the assigned two military defense lawyers, major Matthew Kemkes and Captain paul bouchard, with Captain Joshua tooman. The next Article 39 hearing was set for June 68 and trial was set for September 2012. 40 Petition to the Army court of Criminal Appeals edit The center for Constitutional Rights filed a petition in may 2012 asking the Army court of Criminal Appeals to order press and public access to motion papers, orders, and transcripts. Petitioners included Julian Assange, amy goodman of Democracy now!, chase madar, author of The passion of Bradley manning (2011 and Glenn Greenwald of Salon.
They suggested that other people had had access to manning's workplace computer, and under cross-examination Shaver acknowledged that some of the 10,000 cables on Manning's personal computer did not match cables published by wikileaks. Coombs asked for the dismissal of any charge related to the use of unauthorized software, arguing that Manning's unit had been "lawless. When it comes to information assurance." The defense also raised the issue of whether Manning's gender identity disorder had affected Manning's judgment. Manning had e-mailed master sergeant, paul Adkins, in April 2010 to say she was suffering from gender confusion and, despite then living as a man, attaching a photograph of herself dressed as a woman. After Manning's arrest, the army found information about hormone replacement therapy in her room, and Manning's commander, captain Steven Lim, learned that she had been calling herself Breanna. Defense lawyers argued that the superiors had failed to provide adequate counseling, and had not taken disciplinary action or revoke manning's security clearance. They also suggested that the " don't ask, don't tell " policy—which was repealed in September 2011—had made it difficult for Manning to serve in the army as a gay man. 37 Defense request to depose six witnesses edit After the hearing, in January 2012, coombs filed a request to depose six witnesses, whose names were redacted in the application, and who are believed to have been involved in classifying the leaked videos. Coombs argues that the videos were not classified at the time they were obtained by wikileaks.
Logs - handouts for healthcare
Have a good day. 28 Johnson said there had been two attempts to delete material from the for macbook. The operating system was re-installed in January 2010, and on or around January 31 an attempt was made to erase the hard drive by motherland doing a " zero-fill which involves overwriting material with zeroes. This process was started, cancelled, then started again with a single pass. The material was recovered after the overwrite attempts from unallocated space. 27 Defense arguments edit manning in September 2009 The defense named 48 people it wanted to appear on Manning's behalf. The list was believed to include President Barack Obama and Secretary of State hillary Clinton.
Clinton had said that the diplomatic cables published by wikileaks "did not represent significant consequences to foreign policy." 29 Obama was named because of an April 2011 statement that Manning "broke the law 35 The defense requests the presence of redacted in order to discuss. Under Rule for courts-Martial 405(e the defense is entitled to explore the issue of uci. Under the Uniform Code of Military justice (ucmj a superior officer in the chain of command is prohibited from saying or doing anything that could influence any decision by a subordinate in how to handle a military justice matter. Obama's statement was later echoed by the chairman of the joint Chiefs of Staff, general Martin Dempsey, who said "We're a nation of laws. He did violate the law." 36 Manning's lawyers argued that the government had overstated the harm the release of the documents had caused, and had overcharged Manning in order to obtain evidence against Assange.
They also said they had recovered an exchange from may 2010 between Manning and Eric Schmiedl, a boston mathematician, in which Manning had admitted to being the source of the baghdad helicopter attack collateral Murder video. 27 Johnson said he found a text file called wl-press. Txt on an external hard drive in Manning's room in Iraq. The file was created on november 30, 2009, and gave the contact detail in Iceland for wikileaks. He said he also recovered 1415 pages of encrypted chats, in unallocated space on Manning's Macbook's hard drive, between Manning and someone believed to be julian Assange, using the Adium instant messaging client.
The macbook's log-in password was found to be the encryption key. Two of the chat handles, which used the berlin Chaos Computer Club 's domain had names associated with them, julian Assange and Nathaniel Frank. Johnson also said he found ssh logs on the macbook that showed an sftp connection, from an ip address that resolved to manning's aunt's home, to a swedish ip address with links to wikileaks. 27 There was also a text file named " readme " attached to the logs, apparently written by manning: Items of historical significance of two wars Iraq and Afghanistan Significant Activity, sigacts, between December 2009 extracts from csv documents from Department of Defense and cdne. These items have already been sanitized of any source identifying information. You might need to sit on this information for 90 to 180 days to figure out how best to send and distribute such a large amount of data to a large audience and protect the source. This is possibly one of the most significant documents of our time, removing the fog of war and revealing the true nature of 21st century assymmetric warfare.
Schedule Archives - fedora magazine
He showed the court a video of Adam Gadahn, an al-qaeda spokesman, referencing the leaked material. 25 The prosecution presented 300,000 pages of documents in evidence, including chat logs and classified material. Nicks writes that Manning appeared to have taken few security precautions. After Manning's arrest, detectives searched a basement room in Potomac, maryland, and found an sd card they say contained the Afghan and Iraq War logs, along with a message to wikileaks. Investigators said Manning had also left computer trails of google and Intelink searches, and of using Wget to download documents. 26 lieutenant Colonel Almanza heard from two army investigators, Special Agent david Shaver, head of the digital forensics and research branch of the army's Computer Crime Investigative unit (cciu and Mark johnson, a digital forensics contractor from ManTech International, who works for the cciu. They testified that they had found 100,000 State department cables book on a computer Manning had used between november 20; 400,000. Military reports from Iraq and 91,000 from Afghanistan on the sd card; and 10,000 cables on a personal Macbook pro and storage devices that they said had not been passed to wikileaks because a file was corrupted.
Manning was found not guilty for the most serious of the charges, aiding the enemy, for which Manning could have faced life in prison. 21 Pre-trial hearings edit Article 32 hearing edit a panel of experts ruled in April 2011 that Manning was fit to stand trial. 22 An Article 32 hearing, presided over by lieutenant Colonel paul Almanza, was convened on December 16, 2011, at Fort meade, maryland, to determine whether to proceed to a court martial. The army was represented by captains Ashden fein, joe morrow, and Angel overgaard. Manning was represented by military attorneys Major Matthew Kemkes and Captain paul bouchard, and by civilian attorney david coombs. The hearing resulted in Almanza recommending that Manning be referred to a general court-martial, and on February 3, 2012, the convening authority, major General Michael Linnington, commander of the military district of Washington, 23 ordered Manning to stand trial on all 22 specified charges, including. Manning was formally charged ( arraigned ) on February 23, and declined to enter a plea. 24 Prosecution evidence weakness edit The lead prosecutor, captain fein, argued that Manning had given enemies "unfettered access" to the material and had displayed an "absolute indifference" to classified information.
The material in question includes 251,287 United States diplomatic cables, over 400,000 classified army reports from the Iraq War (the Iraq War logs and approximately 90,000 army reports from the war in Afghanistan (the Afghan War logs ). Wikileaks also received two videos. One was of the july 12, 2007 Baghdad airstrike (dubbed the " Collateral Murder " video the second, which was never published, was of the may 2009 Granai airstrike in Afghanistan. 19 Manning was charged on July 5, 2010, with violations of Articles 92 and 134 of the Uniform Code of Military justice, which were alleged to have taken place between november 19, 2009, and may 27, 2010. 20 These were replaced on March 1, 2011, with 22 specifications, including aiding the enemy, wrongfully causing intelligence to be published on the Internet knowing that it was accessible to the enemy, theft of public property or records, and transmitting defense information.
Espionage Act, stealing. Government property, charges under the computer Fraud and Abuse Act and charges related to the failure to obey lawful general orders under Article 92 of the Uniform Code of Military justice. Manning entered guilty pleas to 10 of 22 specified offenses in February 2013. 4, the trial on the 12 remaining charges began on June 3, 2013. 5, it went to the judge on July 26, 2013, and findings were rendered on July. 6 7, manning was acquitted of the most serious charge, that of aiding the enemy, for giving secrets to wikileaks. In addition to five 8 9 10 or six 11 13 espionage counts, will manning was also found guilty of five theft specifications, two computer fraud specifications and multiple military infractions. 14, on August 21, 2013, manning was sentenced to 35 years' imprisonment, reduction in pay grade to e-1, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and a dishonorable discharge. 15, on January 17, 2017, President Obama commuted Manning's sentence to a total of 7 years confinement.
Sjsu slis classes libr 246 Assignments liu
Manning was the court-martial of former United States Army, private first Class, bradley. Manning 1 (known after the trial. 2, after serving in Iraq since October 2009, manning was arrested in may 2010 after. Adrian Lamo, a computer hacker in the United States, indirectly informed the Army's. Criminal Investigation Command that Manning had acknowledged passing classified material to the whistleblower website, wikileaks. 3, manning was ultimately charged with 22 specified offenses, including communicating national defense information to an unauthorized source, and the most serious of the charges, aiding the enemy. 1, other charges included violations of the.