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48 wkwkwk: in Indonesian, "wkwkwk" is often used to express laughter. Hebrew version of lol. The letter is pronounced /x/ /x/ and is pronounced /h/ /h/. Putting them together (usually three or more in a row) makes the word khakhakha or hahaha (since vowels in Hebrew are generally not written which is in many languages regarded as the sound of laughter. Arabic script repetition of the " " character meaning "Hahahaha" or "Hehehehe". " is equivalent to the letter "H". The equivalents of the "a" or "e" short vowels are Arabic diacritics and are optional to write.

Its origins can be traced to sms language. It is widely used in a filipino youth subculture known as Jejemons. 44 45 kkkk: in Somali and Ethiopian languages spoken in the horn of Africa, iterations of the letter "k usually ranging between 2 and 8 k's, are used as a variation of lol. These iterations are also used by Shona, ndebele and other Zimbabwean languages speakers, with the longer variant being "kikiki" (emulating a laughing sound). Mdr : Esperanto version, from the initials of "multe da ridoj which story translates to "lot of laughs" in English. Mdr : French version, from the initials of "mort de rire" which roughly translated means "died of laughter although many French people also use lol instead as it is the most widely used on the internet. 46 47 mkm : in Afghanistan "mkm" (being an abbreviation of the phrase "ma khanda mikonom. This is a dari phrase that means "I am laughing". Ptdr : French variant from pété de rire - literally meaning "broken with laughter" rs : in Brazil "rs" (being an abbreviation of "risos the plural of "laugh is often used in text based communications in situations where in English lol would be used, repeating. Also popular is "kkk" (which can also be repeated indefinitely due to the pronunciation of the letter k in Portuguese sounding similar to the ca in card, and therefore representing the laugh "cacacacaca" (also similar to the hebrew plan version above).

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Asg : Swedish abbreviation mattress of the term asgarv, meaning intense laughter. G : Danish abbreviation of the word griner, which means "laughing" in Danish. 42 ha3: Malaysian variation of lol. Ha3 means pronouncing ha three times, "hahaha". Jajajá : in Spanish, the letter "j" is pronounced /x/. 43 jejeje: in the Philippines is used to represent "hehehe". "j" in Filipino languages is pronounced as /h/, derived from the Spanish /x/.

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A popular glitch in the microsoft Sam text-to-speech engine enables the voice to make a resume sound akin to the rotation of rotor blades when 'soi' is entered, and the phrase 'my roflcopter goes soi soi soi." is often associated with the term as a result. Pmsl : For "pissing myself laughing". Commonly used equivalents in other languages In some languages with a non-Latin script, the abbreviation lol itself is also often transliterated. Citation needed Pre-dating the Internet and phone texting by a century, the way to express laughter in morse code is "hi hi". The sound of this in morse di-di-di-dit di-dit, di-di-di-dit di-dit is thought to represent chuckling. 40 41 Most of these variants are usually found in lowercase. 555 : the Thai variation of lol. "5" in Thai is pronounced "ha three of them being "hahaha".

A turkish brand of packaged muffins known as Topkek was discovered among Internet users and thus "top kek and simply just "Kek" eventually became a symbolism for "lel" (or "laughing in its place. Citation needed lmao : For "laughing my ass off". 7 Variant: lmfao laughing my fucking ass off. Lqtm : For "Laughing quietly to myself". 38 rofl : For "rolling on the floor laughing". It is often combined with lmao for added emphasis as roflmao rolling on the floor laughing my ass off or roflmfao (Rolling on the floor laughing my fucking ass off). 39 roflcopter : A portmanteau of rofl and helicopter.

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shortened into "ftlulz" (to distinguish it from "ftl" "for the wanted loss. Lolololololololololol : For added emphasis, lol can be self appended with any number of additional iterations of "OL". In cases such as these, the abbreviation is not to be read literally (i.e., "Laughing out loud out loud out loud out loud but is meant to suggest several lols in a row. Trolololol or trollololol : A portmanteau of troll and lol iterated. Indicates that the prank or joke was made by internet trolls, or the user thinks the prank or joke qualifies as internet trolling. Derivations lolwut (sometimes "lulwut lol wut, used to indicate bemused laughter, or confusion. Lawl, lawlz, or lal : Pseudo-pronunciation of lol.

Saying "lawl" is sometimes meant in mockery of those who use the term lol, and is not meant to express laughter. Lel : A satirical form of lol, often used to denote bemusement or lack of amusement in response to a statement. Citation needed related *G* or *g* : For "grins". 36 like "lulz" it is used in the initialism "J4G" just for grins. 37 kek, popular use of "lel" eventually led to the use of "top lel" (meaning "maximum lel.

29 30 A 2003 study of college students by naomi baron found that the use of these initialisms in computer-mediated communication (cmc specifically in instant messaging, was actually lower than she had expected. The students "used few abbreviations, acronyms, and emoticons". Out of 2,185 transmissions, there were 90 initialisms in total; 31 76 were occurrences of lol. 32 lol, rofl, and other initialisms have crossed from computer-mediated communication to face-to-face communication. David Crystal—likening the introduction of lol, rofl, and others into spoken language in magnitude to the revolution of Johannes Gutenberg 's invention of movable type in the 15th century—states that this is "a brand new variety of language evolving invented by young people within five. 33 31 However geoffrey.

Pullum argues that even if interjections such as lol and rofl were to become very common in spoken English, their "total effect on language" would be "utterly trivial". 34 Variations on the theme variants lul : phonetic spelling of lol. "LUL" is also commonly used in the gaming community, due to it being an emote from Betterttv, an extension. Lolz : Occasionally used in place of lol. Lulz : Often used to denote laughter at someone who is the victim of a prank, or a reason for performing an action. Its use originated with Internet trolls. According to a new York times article about Internet trolling, " lulz means the joy of disrupting another's emotional equilibrium." 35 Can be used as a noun. "do it for the lulz.

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2 Victoria clarke, in her analysis of telnet talkers, states that capitalization is important when people write lol, and that "a user who types lol may well be laughing louder than one who types lol and opines strange that "these standard expressions of laughter are losing. 23 Egan describes lol, rofl, and other initialisms as helpful so long as they are not overused. He recommends against their use in business correspondence because the recipient may not be aware of their meanings, and because in general neither they nor emoticons are in his view appropriate in such correspondence. 3 June hines moore shares that view. 24 so, too, does Lindsell-Roberts, who gives the same advice of not using them in business correspondence, "or you won't be lol". 25 Acceptance On March 24, 2011, lol, along with other acronyms, was formally recognized in an update of the Oxford English Dictionary. 19 26 In their research, it was determined that the earliest recorded use of lol as an initialism was for "little old lady" in the 1960s. 27 They also discovered that the oldest written record of the use of lol in the contemporary meaning of "Laughing Out loud" was from a message typed by wayne pearson in the 1980s, from the archives of Usenet. 28 Gabriella coleman references "lulz" extensively in her anthropological studies of Anonymous.

thesis abbreviations page

1 Bidgoli likewise states that these initialisms "save keystrokes for the sender but. Might plan make comprehension of the message more difficult for the receiver" and that "slang may hold different meanings and lead to misunderstandings especially in international settings he advises that they be used "only when you are sure that the other person knows the meaning". 21 Shortis observes that rofl is a means of "annotating text with stage directions". 10 Hershock, in discussing these terms in the context of performative utterances, points out the difference between telling someone that one is laughing out loud and actually laughing out loud: "The latter response is a straightforward action. The former is a self-reflexive representation of an action: I not only do something but also show you that i am doing. Or indeed, i may not actually laugh out loud but may use the locution 'lol' to communicate my appreciation of your attempt at humor." 9 david Crystal notes that use of lol is not necessarily genuine, just as the use of smiley faces or grins. 22 Franzini concurs, stating that there is as yet no research that has determined the percentage of people who are actually laughing out loud when they write lol.

stating that, "Unfortunately for these. 17 Linguist John McWhorter stated, "Lol is being used in a particular way. It's a marker of empathy. It's a marker of accommodation. We linguists call things like that pragmatic particles" Pragmatic particles are the words and phrases utilized to alleviate the awkward areas in casual conversation, such as oh in "Oh, i dont know" and uh when someone is thinking of something to say. McWhorter stated that lol is utilized less as a reaction to something that is hilarious, but rather as a way to lighten the conversation. 20 Yunker and Barry in a study of online courses and how they can be improved through podcasting have found that these slang terms, and emoticons as well, are "often misunderstood" by students and are "difficult to decipher" unless their meanings are explained in advance. They single out the example of "rofl" as not obviously being the abbreviation of "rolling on the floor laughing" (emphasis added). 18 haig singles out lol as one of the three most popular initialisms in Internet slang, alongside bfn dubious discuss bye for now and imho in my honest/humble opinion. He describes the various initialisms of Internet slang as convenient, but warns that "as ever more obscure acronyms emerge they can also be rather confusing".

Usenet, but has since become widespread in other forms of computer-mediated communication and even face-to-face communication. It is one of many initialisms for expressing add bodily reactions, in particular laughter, as text, including initialisms for more emphatic expressions of laughter such. Lmao 7 laugh(ing) my ass off and, rofl 8 9 10 (or its older form, rotfl ; 11 12 "roll(ing) on the floor laughing. Other unrelated expansions include the now mostly obsolete "lots of luck" or "lots of love" used in letter-writing. 13 The list of acronyms "grows by the month 9 and they are collected along with emoticons and smileys into folk dictionaries that are circulated informally amongst users of Usenet, irc, and other forms of (textual) computer-mediated communication. 14 These initialisms are controversial, and several authors recommend against their use, either in general or in specific contexts such as business communications. Lol was first documented in the Oxford English Dictionary in March 2011.

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This article is about the internet slang acronym. For other uses, see. "Laugh out loud" redirects here. For the cbc radio one radio show, see. Laugh Out loud (radio). For the abs-cbn television show, see. Laugh Out loud (TV series). Lol, or lol, is an acronym for laugh(ing) out loud 1 2 3 or lots wallpaper of laughs, 4 5 6 and a popular element of, internet slang. It was first used almost exclusively.

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  1. With new neural network architectures popping up every now and then, its hard to keep track of them all. Knowing all the abbreviations being thrown around (dcign, bilstm, dcgan, anyone?) can be a bit overwhelming at first. Lol, or lol, is an acronym for laugh(ing) out loud or lots of laughs, and a popular element of Internet was first used almost exclusively on Usenet, but has since become widespread in other forms of computer-mediated communication and even face-to-face communication.

  2. The purpose of this web site is to display in a real-time manner tropical cyclone products created and/or developed by noaa/nesdis/star/rammb and associated cira scientists over the last 20 years. Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the purdue owl in apa. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all apa citation guidelines, see the citation Style Chart. The guide to Grammar and Writing contains scores of digital handouts on grammar and English usage, over 170 computer-graded quizzes, recommendations on writing - from basic problems in subject-verb agreement and the use of articles to exercises in parallel structures and help with argumentative essays.

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