The generate:project task has also created a symfony shortcut in the jobeet project root directory to oliver shorten the number of characters you have to write when running a task. So, from now on, instead of using the fully qualified path to the symfony program, we will use the symfony shortcut. Application Creation Now, create the frontend application by running the generate:app task: php symfony generate:app -escaping-strategyon -csrf-secretUniqueecret frontend As the symfony file is executable, unix users can replace all occurrences of 'php symfony' by './symfony' from now. On Windows you can copy the 't' file to your project and use 'symfony' instead of 'php symfony c: copy. Once again, the generate:app task creates the default directory structure needed for an application under the apps/frontend directory: Directory description config/ The application configuration files lib/ The application libraries and classes modules/ The application code (MVC) templates/ The global template files All symfony commands must. When calling the generate:app task, we have also passed two security related options: -escaping-strategy: Enables output escaping to prevent xss attacks -csrf-secret: Enables session tokens in forms to prevent csrf attacks by passing these two optional options to the task, we have secured our future. That's right, symfony will automatically take security measures on our behalf.
If the script does not output any error, check that symfony is correctly installed by using the symfony command line to display the version (note the capital v php -v on Windows: c:. C: php libvendorsymfonydatabinsymfony -v if you are curious about what this command line tool can do for you, type symfony to list the available options and tasks: php On Windows: c: php libvendorsymfonydatabinsymfony The symfony command line is the developer best friend. It provides a lot of utilities that improve your resume productivity for day-to-day activities like cleaning the cache, generating code, and much more. Project Setup In symfony, applications sharing the same data model are regrouped into projects. For the jobeet project, we will have two different applications: a frontend and a backend. Project Creation From the jobeet directory, run the symfony generate:project task to actually create the symfony project: php generate:project jobeet On Windows: c: php libvendorsymfonydatabinsymfony generate:project jobeet The generate:project task generates the default structure of directories and files needed for a symfony project: Directory description. One of the main benefits of using a full-stack framework is to standardize your developments. Thanks to symfony default structure of files and directories, any developer with some symfony knowledge can take over the maintenance of any symfony project. In a matter of minutes, he will be able to dive into the code, fix bugs, and add new features.
Under the "Source download" section, you will find the archive in the. Tgz format or in the. Download the archive and put it under the freshly created lib/vendor directory and un-archive it: cd lib/vendor tar zxpf z mv symfony-1.2.0 symfony Under Windows unzipping the zip file can be done with the explorer. After you renamed the directory to symfony, there should be a directory named As php configurations vary a lot from a distribution to another, we need to check that your php configuration meets the symfony minimum requirements. Launch the configuration checker script provided with symfony from the command line:./. php If there is a problem, the output will give you hints on how to fix. You should also execute the checker from a browser as php configuration can be different. Copy the file somewhere under the web server root directory and access the file. Don't forget to remove the file from the web root directory afterwards.
Svn, single file merge in Subversion, stack overflow
The objective of the day is to setup the development environment and display a page of the application in a web browser. This includes installation of symfony, creation of an application, and web server configuration. Prerequisites First of all, check that you already have a working web development environment with a web server (Apache for example a database engine (mysql, postgresql, or sqlite and php.2.4 or later. As we will use the command line a lot, it's better to use a unix-like os, but if you run a windows system, it will also work fine, you'll just have to type a few commands in the cmd prompt. Unix shell commands can come in handy in a windows environment. If you would like to use tools like tar, gzip, or grep on party Windows you can install Cygwin. The official docs are a little sparse, so a good installation guide can be found here.
The adventurous may also like to try microsoft's Windows Services for Unix. As this tutorial will mostly focus on the symfony framework, we will assume that you already have a solid knowledge of php 5 and Object Oriented programming. Symfony Installation First, create a directory to host the files related to the jobeet project: mkdir -p /home/sfprojects/jobeet cd /home/sfprojects/jobeet On Windows: c: mkdir c:developmentsfprojectsjobeet c: cd c:developmentsfprojectsjobeet Windows users are advised to run symfony and to setup their new project in a path which. Avoid using the documents and Settings directory, including anywhere under my documents. Create a directory to host the symfony framework library files: mkdir -p lib/vendor to install symfony, download the archive package found on the symfony website. As this tutorial has been written for symfony.2, download the latest version available for this version.
We will be able to afford this luxury because symfony provides all the tools needed to code these aspects easily without writing too much code. Validation, error handling, security, and tests are first-class citizens in symfony, so it won't take us too long to explain. This is just one of many reasons why to use a framework for "real life" projects. All the code you will read in this tutorial is code you could use for a real project. We encourage you to copy and paste snippets of code or steal whole chunks.
The Project The application to be designed could have been yet another blog engine. But we want to use symfony on a useful project. The goal is to demonstrate that symfony can be used to develop professional applications with style and little effort. We will keep the content of the project secret for another day as we already have much to do today. However, you already know the name of the application: Jobeet. As 24 hours is plenty of time to develop an application with symfony, we won't write php code today. But even without writing a single line of code, you will start understanding the benefits of using a framework like symfony, just by bootstrapping a new project.
Linux, subversion Server and Trac Server
You are probably used to reading warnings like: "For a real application, don't forget to add validation and proper error paper handling." or "Security is left as an exercise to the evernote reader." or "you will of course need to write tests." What? These things are serious business. They are perhaps the most important part of any piece of code. And as a reader, you are left alone. Without these concerns taken into account, the examples are much less useful. You cannot use them as a good starting point. Because security, validation, error handling, and tests, just to name a few, take care to code right. In this tutorial, you will never see statements like those as we will write tests, error handling, validation code, and be sure we develop a secure application. That's because symfony is about code, but also about best practices and how to develop professional applications for the enterprise.
This Tutorial is different. Remember the early days of php4. Ah, amazing la, belle Epoque! Php was one of the first languages dedicated to the web and one of the easiest to learn. But as web technologies evolve at a very fast pace, web developers need to keep up with the latest best practices and tools. The best way to learn is of course by reading blogs, tutorials, and books. We have read a lot of these, be they written for php, python, java, ruby, or Perl, and many of them fall short when the author starts giving snippets of codes as examples.
application. And we did. The 21st day tutorial also proved to be one of the most popular of the askeet tutorials. For Jobeet, we will celebrate the winter on the 21st with a "design day". After day 4, you will have all the needed html and css information to start designing the jobeet public website. So, if you work with a designer, or if your company has a design department, you will be able to contribute a design. On the 21st, we will organize a poll and the community will have to choose the default design that will be bundled with Jobeet. You will of course receive credits and all the fame associated with it!
We are now save celebrating the release of symfony.2 and the askeet tutorial starts to show its age. So, it's time for another fresh tutorial. Enter Jobeet, the 2008 advent calendar tutorial! The Challenge, that's right, we will do it again. Every day including week-ends, a new tutorial will be published. Each tutorial is meant to last about one hour, and will be the occasion to learn symfony by coding a real website, from start to finish. One hour times twenty-four equals a day, and that's exactly how long we think that a developer needs to learn the fundamentals of symfony. Every day, new features will be added to the application, and we'll take advantage of this development to introduce you to new symfony functionalities as well as good practices in symfony web development.
Btaz junit 4 error: reference to assertEquals is ambiguous
This post was published as tree part of the symfony 2008 advent calendar. As this tutorial might have been updated since then, you are advised to read the last version from the symfony.2 documentation (for, propel or, doctrine ). Introduction, the symfony framework has been an Open-source project for more than three years and has become one of the most popular php frameworks thanks to its great features and great documentation. And this grand tradition started early. In December 2005, just after the first official release of symfony, we published the askeet tutorial a set of 24 tutorials, published day-by-day between December 1st and Christmas. This tutorial has proven to be an invaluable tool to promote the framework to newcomers. A lot of developers learned symfony thanks to askeet, and many companies still use askeet as their main training material.