In 1811, Shelley anonymously published a plan pamphlet called. The necessity of Atheism which was brought to the attention of the university administration and he was called to appear before the college's fellows, including the dean. His refusal to repudiate the authorship of the pamphlet resulted in his expulsion from Oxford on e wrote many short stories, essays, poems out of which the best known are ozymandias, Ode to the west Wind, The cenci, adonais, Prometheus Unbound to name a few. Ozymandias Summary and Background - cbse class 10 English poem. Poem and Explanation, i met a traveller from an antique land. Near them, on the sand, half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command, tell that its sculptor well those passions read. Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things, The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed; Antique: old trunkless: without the upper body (the main part of the body of a human being or an animal, excluding the head, neck, and limbs) sunk.
Cbse class 10 English poem 4 - ozymandias - detailed explanation of the poem along with meanings of difficult words and literary devices used in the poem. Also, the explanation is followed by a summary of the lesson. All the exercises and question and Answers given at the back of the lesson. About the author, percy bysshe review Shelley, born in Sussex, England elley was born on in West Sussex, England. He was the eldest legitimate son of Sir Timothy Shelley, a sussex landowner. He had four younger sisters and a much younger brother. He received his early education at home. His early childhood has been recounted in The life of Percy bysshe Shelley by his friend and cousin, Thomas Medwin. He studied at Eton college and later at Oxford University.
Furthermore, the sculptor himself gets attention and praise that used to be deserved by the king, for all that ozymandias achieved has now decayed into almost nothing, while the sculpture has lasted long enough to make it into poetry. In a way, the artist has become more powerful than the king. The only things that survive are the artists records of the kings passion, carved into the stone. Perhaps Shelley chose the medium of poetry in order to create something more powerful and lasting than what politics could achieve, all the while understanding that words too will eventually pass away. Unlike many of his poems, ozymandias does not end on a note of hope. There is no extra stanza or concluding couplet to honor the fleeting joys of knowledge or to hope in human progress. Instead, the traveler has nothing more to say, and the persona draws no conclusions of his own. By ruchika gupta, cbse class 10 English poem 4 - ozymandias.
Watchmen Plot, summary - chapter 12: a stronger
The lesson is important in Europe: Frances hegemony has ended, and Englands will end sooner or later. Everything about the kings exploits is now gone, and all that remains of the dominating civilization are shattered stones alone in the desert. Note the use of alliteration to emphasize the point: boundless and bare; lone and level. It is important to keep in mind the point of view of ozymandias. The perspective on the statue is coming from essay an unknown writing traveler who is telling the speaker about the scene. This helps create a sense of the mystery of history and legend: we are getting the story from a poet who heard it from a traveler who might or might not have actually seen the statue. The statue itself is an expression of the sculptor, who might or might not have truly captured the passions of the king.
Our best access to the king himself is not the statue, not anything physical, but the kings own words. Poetry might last in a way that other human creations cannot. Yet, communicating words presents a different set of problems. For one thing, there are problems of translation, for the king did not write in English. More seriously, there are problems of transcription, for apparently Shelleys poem does not even accurately reproduce the words of the inscription. Finally, we cannot miss the general comment on human vanity in the poem. It is not just the mighty who desire to withstand time; it is common for people to seek immortality and to resist death and decay.
Egyptian King Ramses ii, whom the Greeks called ozymandias. The traveler describes the great work of the sculptor, who was able to capture the kings passions and give meaningful expression to the stone, an otherwise lifeless thing. The mocking hand in line 8 is that of the sculptor, who had the artistic ability to mock (that is, both imitate and deride) the passions of the king. The heart is first of all the kings, which fed the sculptors passions, and in turn the sculptors, sympathetically recapturing the kings passions in the stone. The final five lines mock the inscription hammered into the pedestal of the statue.
The original inscription read i am ozymandias, king of Kings; if anyone wishes to know what i am and where i lie, let him surpass me in some of my exploits. The idea was that he was too powerful for even the common king to relate to him; even a mighty king should despair at matching his power. That principle may well remain valid, but it is undercut by the plain fact that even an empire is a human creation that will one day pass away. The statue and surrounding desert constitute a metaphor for invented power in the face of natural power. By shelleys time, nothing remains but a shattered bust, eroded visage, and trunkless legs surrounded with nothing but level sands that stretch far away. Shelley thus points out human mortality and the fate of artificial things.
SparkNotes : Shelleys poetry: England in 1819
There also was a pedestal at the mom statue, where the traveler read that the statue was of ozymandias, king of Kings. Although the pedestal told mighty onlookers that they should look out at the kings works and thus despair at his greatness, the whole area was just covered with flat sand. All that is left is the wrecked statue. Analysis "Ozymandias" is a fourteen-line, iambic pentameter sonnet. It is not a traditional one, however. Although it is neither a petrarchan sonnet nor a shakespearean sonnet, the rhyming scheme and style resemble a petrarchan sonnet more, particularly with its 8-6 structure rather than 4-4-4-2. Here we have a speaker learning from a traveler about a giant, ruined statue that lay broken and eroded in the desert. The title of the poem informs the reader that the subject is the 13th-century.
Both poets remove the city of Thebes, the site of the statue, from their poems for artistic purposes. Ozymandias was the name by which Ramses ii, a pharaoh famous for the number of architectural structures he caused to be erected, was known to the Greeks. Shelley had read of the statue in diodorus Siculus, a roman writer, who had described it were as intact. He had obviously read about it in some other source also since he knew that the statue was no longer intact. The problem of Shelley's sources is discussed in an interesting, illustrated article by johnstone parr, "Shelley's 'ozymandias. The first-person poetic persona states that he met a traveler who had been to an antique land. The traveler told him that he had seen a vast but ruined statue, where only the legs remained standing. The face was sunk in the sand, frowning and sneering. The sculptor interpreted his subject well.
Shelley in competition with his friend Horace Smith. The superiority of Shelley's choice of details and of the vigor of his diction are splendidly illustrated by a comparison with the octave of his friend's sonnet: In Egypt's sandy silence, all alone. Stands a gigantic leg, which far off throws. The only shadow that the desert knows. "I am Great ozymandias saith the stone, "The king of kings; this mighty city shows. The wonders of my hand." The city's gone! Nought but the leg remaining to disclose. The site of that forgotten Babylon.
The review story is over and Shelley's point is made before the reader realizes that he has been subjected to a moral lesson. The fine beginning is followed by a condensed and vigorous account of what the traveler saw in addition to the two huge legs standing in the desert: a shattered visage, a pedestal, and on it a boastful inscription. Nothing more except the empty desert. Shelley puts the words of the inscription in effectively ironic contrast with the surroundings. The rulers of the world, "ye mighty are told by ozymandias, "king of kings to look upon his works and despair of emulating them. Now one looks and sees nothing whatsoever. Instead of the architectural marvels promised by the inscription, "the lone and level sands stretch far away." Just as the sculptor mocked ozymandias by putting on the face of the colossal monument a "frown / And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command so time.
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Bookmark this page, summary, a traveler tells the internet poet that two huge stone legs stand in the desert. Near them on the sand lies a damaged stone head. The face is distinguished by a frown and a sneer which the sculptor carved on the features. On the pedestal are inscribed the words "My name is ozymandias, king of kings: / look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!" Around the huge fragments stretches the empty desert. Analysis, shelley's irregular sonnet on the fragments of a huge statue of an Egyptian pharaoh begins with a statement that arouses the interest of the reader at once: I met a traveller from an antique land. Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone. Stand in the desert. The mention of a traveler is a promise of a story. The story is a characteristically Shelleyan one about tyranny and how time makes a mockery of the boastfulness of even the most powerful kings.