Melvyn Bragg was joined by miri rubin, queen Mary, university of London; William Flynn, University of leeds; and Almut suerbaum, somerville college, oxford. With no new programme scheduled today, here's Hildegard of Bingen (Rpt)As Radio 4 changes its schedule today, to look ahead to Brexit next year, we have no new programme to offer. Melvyn Bragg was joined by miri rubin, queen Mary, university of London; William Flynn, University of leeds; and Almut suerbaum, somerville college, u, 09:30: radio democracy in AmericaMelvyn Bragg and guests discuss Alexis de tocqueville (1805-1859) and his examination of the American democratic system. He wrote de la démocratie en Amérique in two parts, published in 18, when France was ruled by the july monarchy of louis-Philippe. Tocqueville add was interested in how aspects of American democracy, in the age of President Andrew Jackson, could be applied to europe as it moved away from rule by monarchs and aristocrats. His work has been revisited by politicians ever since, particularly in America, with its analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of direct democracy and its warnings of mediocrity and the tyranny of the majority. With Robert Gildea professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford Susan-Mary Grant Professor of American History at Newcastle University and Jeremy jennings Professor of Political Theory and head of the School of Politics economics at King's College london Producer: Simon lvyn Bragg and. With Robert Gildea professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford Susan-Mary Grant Professor of American History at Newcastle University and Jeremy jennings Professor of Political Theory and head of the School of Politics economics at King's College london Producer: Simon u, 11:15: radio.
With neville morley professor of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Exeter Ulrike roth Senior Lecturer in Ancient History at the University of Edinburgh And Myles lavan Senior lecturer in Ancient History at the University of St Andrews Producer: Simon lvyn Bragg and. With neville morley professor of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Exeter Ulrike roth Senior Lecturer in Ancient History at the University of Edinburgh And Myles lavan Senior lecturer in Ancient History at the University of St Andrews Producer: Simon u, 09:34: radio. Here's something until next week, from 26th June 2014, when Melvyn Bragg and guests discussed one of the most remarkable figures of the middle Ages, hildegard of Bingen. The abbess of a benedictine convent, she was an influential person in the religious world and much of her extensive correspondence with popes, monarchs and other important figures survives. Hildegard was celebrated for her wide-ranging scholarship, which as well as theology covered the natural world, science and medicine. She also experienced a series of mystical visions which she documented in her writings. Officially recognised as a saint by the catholic Church in 2012, hildegard is one of the earliest known composers. Since their rediscovery in recent decades her compositions have been widely recorded and performed.help
Robert is credited with the main role in the design of their locomotives. George had worked on stationary colliery steam engines and, with Robert, developed the moving steam engine locomotion No1 for the Stockton and Darlington railway in 1825. They produced the rocket for the rainhill Trials on the liverpool and Manchester railway in 1829. From there, the success of their designs and engineering led to the expansion of railways across Britain and around the world. With Dr Michael bailey railway historian and editor of the most recent biography of Robert Stephenson Julia elton Past President of the newcomen Society for the history of Engineering and Technology and Colin divall Professor Emeritus of railway studies at the University of York Producer. The system became so entrenched that no-one appeared to question it, following Aristotle's view that slavery was a natural state. Whole populations could be marched into slavery after military conquests, and the freedom that Roman citizens prized for themselves, even in poverty, was partly defined by how it contrasted with enslavement. Slaves could be killed or tortured with impunity, yet they could be given great responsibility and, once freed, use their contacts to earn fortunes. The relationship between slave and master informed early Christian ideas of how the faithful related to god, informing debate for centuries.
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The positive charges they emit means they attract the fundamental particles of essay negatively charged electrons, an attraction that leads to the creation of atoms which in turn leads to chemistry, biology and life itself. The sun (in common with other stars) is a fusion engine that turn protons by a series of processes into helium, emitting energy in the process, with about half of the sun's protons captured so far. Hydrogen atoms, stripped of electrons, are single protons which can be accelerated to smash other nuclei and have applications in proton therapy. Many questions remain, such as why are electrical charges for protons and electrons so perfectly balanced? With Frank Close Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of Oxford Helen heath reader in Physics at the University of Bristol And Simon Jolly lecturer in High Energy Physics at University college london Producer: Simon lvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Proton, found. With Frank Close Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of Oxford Helen heath reader in Physics at the University of Bristol And Simon Jolly lecturer in High Energy Physics at University college london Producer: Simon u, smoking 10:18: radio bragg and guests discuss what Virginia.
It was written by george Eliot, the pen name of Mary Anne evans (1819-80 published in 8 parts in 1871-72, and was originally two separate stories which became woven together. One, 'middlemarch focused on a doctor, tertius Lydgate and the other, 'miss Brooke on Dorothea brooke who became the central figure in the finished work. The events are set in a small town in the midlands, surrounded by farmland, leading up to the reform Act 1832, and the novel explores the potential to change in matters of religion, social status, marriage and politics, and is particularly concerned with the opportunities. The image above shows Rufus Sewell and Juliet Aubrey in the bbc adaptation, from 1994 With Rosemary Ashton Emeritus quain Professor of English Language and Literature at University college london Kathryn Hughes Professor of Life Writing at the University of East Anglia and John Bowen. George became known as The father of railways and yet arguably robert's contribution was even greater, with his engineering work going far beyond their collaboration.
It is better to begin to destroy serfdom from above than to wait until that time when it begins to destroy itself from below." Reform was constrained by the Tsar's wish to keep the nobles on side and, for the serfs, tied by debt and. With Sarah Hudspith Associate Professor in Russian at the University of leeds Simon Dixon The sir Bernard Pares Professor of Russian History at ucl and Shane o'rourke senior Lecturer in History at the University of York Producer: Simon lvyn Bragg and guests discuss the freeing. With Sarah Hudspith Associate Professor in Russian at the University of leeds Simon Dixon The sir Bernard Pares Professor of Russian History at ucl and Shane o'rourke senior Lecturer in History at the University of York Producer: Simon u, 10:08: radio 4/programmes/b0b2gspdThe mabinogionMelvyn Bragg and. Among them are stories of Pwyll and Rhiannon and their son Pryderi, of Culhwch and Olwen, of the dream of the Emperor Macsen, of Lludd and Llefelys, of magic and giants and imagined history. With common themes but no single author, they project an image of the Island of Britain before the Anglo-saxons and Normans and before Edward I's conquest of Wales.
They came to new prominence, worldwide, from C19th with the translation into English by lady Charlotte guest aided by william Owen Pughe. The image above is of Cynon ap Clydno approaching the castle of maidens from the tale of Owain, or the lady of the fountain With sioned davies Professor in the School of Welsh at Cardiff University helen Fulton Professor of Medieval Literature at the University. They were desert people, wearing veils over their faces to keep out the sand, and they wanted a simpler form of Islam. They called themselves the murabitun, the people who gathered together to fight the holy war, and they were tough fighters; the Spanish knight El Cid fought them and lost, and the legend that built around him said the Almoravids were terrible and had. They kept back the Christians of northern Spain, so helping extend Muslim rule in the Iberian Peninsula, before they themselves were destroyed and replaced by their rivals, the Almohads, from the Atlas mountains. The image above shows the interior of the cupola, almoravid koubba, marrakesh (C11th) With Amira k bennison Professor in the history and Culture of the maghreb at the University of Cambridge nicola Clarke lecturer in the history of the Islamic World at Newcastle University And.
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He explored dark secrets such as incest and, review in Ghosts, hereditary syphilis, which pdf attracted the censors. He gave actresses parts they had rarely had before, and audiences plays that, after Shakespeare, became the most performed in the world. With Tore rem Professor of English Literature at the University of Oslo kirsten Shepherd-Barr Professor of English and Theatre Studies and Tutorial Fellow, St Catherine's College at the University of Oxford And Dinah Birch Professor of English Literature and Pro-vice Chancellor for Cultural Engagement. Margaret of Anjou (1430-1482) wanted Henry to stay in power for the sake of their son, the heir to the throne, and her refusal to back down was seen by her enemies as a cause of the great dynastic struggle of the wars of the. The image above is from the talbot Shrewsbury book, showing John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, presenting Margaret with that book on her betrothal to henry with Katherine lewis Senior Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Huddersfield James Ross reader in Late medieval. Until then, over a third of Russians were tied to the land on which they lived and worked and in practice there was little to distinguish their condition from slavery. Russia had lost the Crimean War in 1855 and there had been hundreds of uprisings, prompting the Tsar to tell the nobles, "The existing condition of owning souls cannot remain unchanged.
With Richard bourke professor in the history of Political Thought at queen Mary, university of London Rachel Hammersley senior Lecturer in Intellectual History at Newcastle University And Richard Whatmore Professor of Modern History at the University of St Andrews and Director of the St Andrews. It was known as the richest city under the sun and was a words centre at which the Empire's subject peoples paid tribute to a succession of Achaemenid leaders, until the arrival of Alexander iii of Macedon who destroyed it by fire supposedly in revenge for. The image above is a detail from a relief at the Apadana, the huge audience hall, and shows a lion attacking a bull. With Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones Professor of Ancient History at Cardiff University vesta sarkhosh Curtis Curator of Middle eastern coins at the British Museum And Lindsay allen Lecturer in Greek and near Eastern History at King's College london Producer: Simon lvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Achaemenid. With Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones Professor of Ancient History at Cardiff University vesta sarkhosh Curtis Curator of Middle eastern coins at the British Museum And Lindsay allen Lecturer in Greek and near Eastern History at King's College london Producer: Simon u, 10:09: radio 4/programmes/b0b4z075Henrik ibsenMelvyn Bragg and. These are set in a world where the middle class is dominant and explore the qualities of that life, its weaknesses and boundaries and the ways in which it takes away freedoms. It is the women who fare the worst in this society, something Ibsen explored in a doll's house among others, a play that created a sensation with audiences shocked to watch a woman break free of her bourgeois family life to find her destiny.
that discoveries were met with disbelief even into the C20th; it was assumed that bats found their way in the dark by touch. Not all bats use echolocation, but those that do have a range of frequencies for different purposes and techniques for preventing themselves becoming deafened by their own sounds. Some prey have evolved ways of detecting when bats are emitting high frequencies in their direction, and some fish have adapted to detect the sounds dolphins use to find them. With, kate jones, professor of Ecology and biodiversity at University college london. Gareth Jones, professor of biological Sciences at the University of Bristol. And, dean Waters, lecturer in the Environment Department at the University of York. Producer: Simon lvyn Bragg and guests discuss how some animals sense their world with sound not lvyn Bragg and guests discuss how some bats, dolphins and other animals emit sounds at high frequencies to explore their environments, rather than sight. With, kate jones, professor of Ecology and biodiversity at University college london Gareth Jones Professor of biological Sciences at the University of Bristol And dean Waters Lecturer in the Environment Department at the University of York Producer: Simon u, 10:44: radio bragg and guests discuss. He argued that an individual's liberty needed protection from the arm of power, checking that by another power; where judicial, executive and legislative power were concentrated in the hands of one figure, there could be no personal liberty.
Producer: Simon lvyn Bragg and guests discuss a great cultural figure of the 19th lvyn Bragg and guests discuss the ideas of William Morris, known in his lifetime for his poetry and then his contribution to the Arts and Crafts movement, and increasingly for his. Producer: Simon u, 10:24: radio 4/programmes/b0b9w0vqThe mexican-American WarMelvyn and guests discuss the 1846-48 conflict after which the United States of Mexico lost half mattress its territory to the United States of America. The us gained land covered by the states of Texas, Utah, california, new Mexico, nevada, arizona and part of Colorado. The outcome had a profound impact on Native americans and led to civil war in defeated Mexico. It also raised the question of whether slavery would be legal in this acquired territory - something that would only be resolved in the us civil War, which this victory hastened. With, frank cogliano, professor of American History at the University of Edinburgh. Jacqueline fear-Segal, professor of American and Indigenous Histories at the University of East Anglia. And, thomas Rath, lecturer in Latin American History at University college london. Producer: Simon lvyn Bragg and guests discuss the 1846-48 war that cost Mexico half its lvyn and guests discuss the 1846-48 conflict after which the United States of Mexico lost half its territory to the United States of America.
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In Our Time/programmes/b006qyklMelvyn Bragg and guests discuss the history of ideasMelvyn Bragg and guests discuss the history of ideasbbc radio s:sengIn Our Time/programmes/b006qykl(C) bbc 2018Thu, 10:24:00 0000nononadultWilliam MorrisMelvyn Bragg and guests discuss the ideas of William Morris, known in his lifetime for his poetry and. He felt the world had given in to drudgery and ugliness and he found inspiration in the time before industrialisation, in the medieval life which was about fellowship and association and ways of working which resisted the division of labour and allowed the worker. Seeing a disconnection between art and society, his solution was revolution which in his view was the only way to reset their relationship. The image above is from the Strawberry Thief wallpaper design by william Morris. With, ingrid Hanson, homework lecturer in 18th and 19th Century literature at the University of Manchester. Marcus waithe, university senior Lecturer in English Literature at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Magdalene college. And, jane Thomas, professor of Victorian and Early 20th Century literature at the University of Hull.